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What Did They Know Page

Who benefits from this war?

Most of the links below no longer work, but there is enough
information in each excerpt to find the article
at the Internet archive's WayBack Machine or in LexisNexis.


Rove: Republicans Benefit from War Credentials, Mark Halperin, ABC News, January 21, 2002 (archived at

“By keeping the public prepared for a long war, the president keeps up the necessary emotional and practical support the effort requires, but it has a political benefit too, as Bush's popularity and war-time mantle can be extended into this election year and maybe into 2004, when Bush's respected national security team could serve as actual or virtual surrogates in a possible Bush re-election effort.”

Six-year War Alarms Europeans, Paolo Pontoniere, NCM Online, January 18, 2002:

“Even though President Bush has never made a clear statement to this effect, observers at the two European media [Brussels' weekly The European Voice and Vienna's daily Der Standard] believe that the Pentagon is using a six-year timeline to plan its operations and budget its resources.”

Breathing room, and possibly complete passes, on some formerly pressing issues

NBC/WSJ poll, taken June 23-25 by Hart & Teeter and had a +/- 3.5 percent margin of error. The poll surveyed 806 adults -- 48 percent male, 52 percent female.  (No longer available on the MSNBC website.)

In general, do you approve or disapprove of the job George W. Bush is doing as president?







Not sure


The brutal price of Bush's tax cut, Robert Kuttner, The American Prospect, August 27, 2001

Court Scrutinized for Supreme Intervention, David G. Savage, Los Angeles Times (archived on, August 26, 2001

Bush's budget goes for broke, Robert Scheer,, August 28, 2001:

“The new budget numbers make it clear that the president's tax cut was aimed at bankrupting the treasury all along.”

Bush leads U.S. from A-OK to IOU, By Bill Press (Tribune Media Services),, August 29, 2001

Tighter Finances Won't Curb Goals, President Asserts, David E. Sanger, The New York Times, August 30, 2001

W.House Refuses GAO Request for Energy Documents, Reuters (archived at The Dumbya Chronicles), September 6, 2001

Bush Backs Ashcroft In Records Dispute , Dan Eggen and Mike Allen, Washington Post, September 6, 2001

Escalation, Orna Izakson, Eugene Weekly, September 6, 2001:

“[S]ome now predict 100,000 activists will turn out to the World Bank/IMF protests in D.C. on Sept. 29 and 30.”

Advisory for Press Conference, scheduled for Tuesday 9/11 5:00 p.m., September 7, 2001:

“ (Bob Fertik and David Lytel). Will describe the overwhelming evidence that Al Gore won, the evidence of nearly 60 crimes committed by Republican officials that must be investigated, and our grassroots efforts to enact election reform, enact a voting rights constitutional amendment, impeach the Supreme Court 5, and sweep all Republicans out of office in the upcoming elections.”

Lawmakers battle Bush over secrecy, Naftali Bendavid, Chicago Tribune, September 8, 2001 (available in the Tribune's archives)

Federal Agency Likely to Sue White House, Joseph Kahn, The New York Times, September 8, 2001

Congressman Talks on NBC, Welch, David Bauder, Associated Press, September 10, 2001:

“According to Waxman's account, Welch arrived at NBC's election decision desk after 11 p.m. and said to Sheldon Gawiser, NBC's elections chief, ‘how much would I have to pay you to call the race for Bush?’”

AP demands explanation for subpoena of reporter's records, Associated Press (archived at, September 10, 2001

The ‘Accidental President’, David A. Kaplan, Newsweek, September 17, 2001 issue (this extensive exposé of the Supreme Court deliberations over the Bush v. Gore decision is no longer available on the Internet)

The Dishonest Debate, Robert L. Borosage, The Nation, September 17, 2001 issue

Sept. 11 Attacks Refocused the Spotlight, Richard L. Berke, The New York Times, November 19, 2001

U.S. budget deficit projected until 2005, Ron Hutcheson and Jackie Koszczuk, Miami Herald, November 29, 2001 (archived at

“Bush promised during the presidential campaign to avoid tapping Social Security except in cases of war, recession or a national emergency. ‘Lucky me. I hit the trifecta,’ Bush told Daniels shortly after the Sept. 11 attacks, according to the budget director.” [Emphasis added.]  


Profits from insider trading

Suspicious trading points to advance knowledge by big investors of September 11 attacks, Barry Grey, World Socialist Web Site, October 5, 2001


Mystery of terror 'insider dealers', Chris Blackhurst, The Independent (London), October 14, 2001:

“Further details of the futures trades that netted such huge gains in the wake of the hijackings have been disclosed. To the embarrassment of investigators, it has also emerged that the firm used to buy many of the "put" options – where a trader, in effect, bets on a share price fall – on United Airlines stock was headed until 1998 by "Buzzy" Krongard, now executive director of the CIA.”

San Francisco Chronicle series:

New scrutiny of airlines options deals, September 19, 2001

Brokers help probe - Pre-attack trades look suspicious, September 21, 2001

Data shows heavy airline-stock short selling, September 22, 2001

Suspicious profits sit uncollected - Airline investors seem to be lying low, September 29, 2001

Stock-trading probe expands to Canada, October 3, 2001

Canada asked to aid SEC probe - Trading before Sept. 11 checked, October 3, 2001

Terrorism's long, tangled money trail, October 7, 2001  

Billions in Pre-911 Insider Trading Profits Leaves a Hot Trail: How Bush Administration Naysayers May Have Let it go Cold, Kyle F. Hence, Centre for Research on Globalization, April 21, 2002:

“The evidence and comments offered by traders, analysts, bankers and others in the immediate aftermath indicates there was, in fact, a carefully planned and sophisticated effort of massive profiteering from the precipitous fall of stocks that occurred when trading opened following the attack. This is expert documentation and observations based on years of experience. The implications are absolutely frightening. And all the more reason for authorities to pull out all the stops to identify and prosecute those responsible and shut down the global financial network facilitated the most heinous of crimes. Unfortunately, that's not exactly what's happened.”


Promotion of the “awl bidness”


Energy Information Administration (DOE) Afghanistan Fact Sheet, see especially the section entitled "Regional Pipeline Plans", September 2001

The oil behind Bush and Son's campaigns, Ranjit Devraj, Asia Times, October 6, 2001:

Just as the Gulf War in 1991 was all about oil, the new conflict in South and Central Asia is no less about access to the region's abundant petroleum resources, according to Indian analysts.”

MISSING THE OIL STORY, Nina Burleigh,, October 11, 2001

THE NEW GREAT GAME: Oil Politics in Central Asia, Ted Rall,, October 12, 2001

America's Pipe Dream, George Monbiot, The Guardian of London, October 23, 2001 (archived on

“The war against terrorism is also a struggle for oil and regional control”  

Oil company adviser named US representative to Afghanistan, Patrick Martin, World Socialist Web Site, January 3, 2002:

“President Bush has appointed a former aide to the American oil company Unocal, Afghan-born Zalmay Khalilzad, as special envoy to Afghanistan.”


Other financial benefits

Bin Laden rigged oil and gold prices – bank chief, Philip Sherwell, Daily Telegraph of London, September 23, 2001

Hike in US defence spending to benefit Osama’s family: Report, TV Parasuram, Hindustan Times, September 28, 2001

Bin Laden's Family Cutting Ties With Carlyle Investment Firm in U.S., Marcy Gordon, Associated Press, October 26, 2001 (archived at

The ex-presidents' club, Oliver Burkeman and Julian Borger, The Guardian of London, October 31, 2001

Carlyle Group and Bush Administration, Red Rock Eater Digest, November 10, 2001 (a list of links to articles)

The Rot in the System , Seth Sandronsky, Common Dreams News Center, November 23, 2001:

“Fascism has arisen when a country’s ownership class resorts to military solutions when its profits are threatened by market competition. Guerin wrote, ‘There is, certainly, a direct link between war and fascism. They grow out of the same dungheap; they are, each in its own way, the monstrous products of the capitalist system in decline.’”

Global Eye – Gainspotting, Chris Floyd, The Moscow Times, November 30, 2001 (archived at

“For every American soldier killed, for every Afghan child murdered, George W. Bush adds a few more dollars to his inheritance. His former business associates, the bin Ladens -- whom he protected by stifling FBI investigations into their activities, while also crippling probes into Saudi funding of al-Qaida and other terrorist groups -- will do quite nicely as well.”

Carlyle’s Way, Dan Briody, Red Herring, January 8, 2002:

“In running what its own marketing literature spookily calls ‘a vast, interlocking, global network of businesses and investment professionals’ that operates within the so-called iron triangle of industry, government, and the military, the Carlyle Group leaves itself open to any number of conflicts of interest and stunning ironies.”

Arms Buildup Enriches Firm Staffed by Big Guns, Mark Fineman, Los Angeles Times, January 10, 2002:

“[W]hen President Bush declared war on terrorism in September, few were better poised than Carlyle to know how and when to make money.”

Global Eye -- Mud Pack, Chris Floyd, Moscow Times, February 15, 2002 (archived at

“Bush is a war profiteer on a vast, historic scale, a man with only one animating principle: the aggrandizement of his own pampered self and his elitist clique. This greed compromises every action taken by his regime -- because they all result in profits for his gang. Another example: Bush puts U.S. bases in Central Asia; Dick Cheney's Halliburton gets the construction contracts; Daddy's Carlyle Group supplies the weaponry; Dub's buds in the oil bidness get protection for their new pipelines.”


EVEN MORE payback for Republican contributors

After the Horror, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, September 14, 2001

The Administration's Stimulus Proposal: Is it a Sound And Balanced Package?, Robert Greenstein, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, October 5, 2001

Fuzzy Math Returns, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, October 7, 2001 

Bailout Showed the Weight of a Mighty, and Fast-Acting, Lobby, Leslie Wayne and Michael Moss, The New York Times, October 10, 2001

No Stimulus in Tax Cuts, Los Angeles Times (archived at, October 14, 2001

Don't Sacrifice The Poor, Hugh B. Price and Kim Gandy, Washington Post, October 15, 2001


They'd Kill For Their Receivables, Morrie Friendly, American Politics Journal, Oct. 26, 2001

An Economic Stimulus Bill With Corporations in Mind, Gretchen Morgenson, The New York Times, October 27, 2001

Republican Zealotry, The New York Times, October 28, 2001

Taking Care of Business, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, October 28, 2001

Shame in the House, Bob Herbert, The New York Times, October 29, 2001

Congressional Flag Stomping, Jonathan Alter, Newsweek, October 25, 2001 (no longer available on the MSNBC/Newsweek website)

The One-Eyed Man, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, October 31, 2001

Operation Enduring Avarice, Arianna Huffington, Arianna Online, October 31, 2001

House Panel Approves Bill to Aid Insurance Industry, Stephen Labaton, November 8, 2001

DEMOCRATS DUCK AND COVER, Kevin Reikes,, November 8, 2001


Another Useful Crisis, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, November 11, 2001

The Stimulus Scam , Robert Borosage , Mother Jones , November 20, 2001 :

“The Republican-sponsored economic recovery package currently before Congress isn't a stimulus -- it's a scandal.”

Bush economic ideas hit, Sandra Guy, Chicago Sun Times , November 20, 2001 (no longer available on the Sun Times' website):

“Chicago business leaders Monday told President Bush's three top economic advisers they are disappointed and mystified by Bush's strategies for reviving the stalled economy.”


Excuse to steamroll the right-wing agenda

Shield Plan Buoyed by a Bipartisan Mood, Adam Clymer, The New York Times, September 14, 2001

Negroponte confirmed, September 14, 2001


Flying Pork Barrels, Steven E. Landsburg, Slate, September 27, 2001:

“The airline bailout enriches stockholders at the expense of taxpayers.”

The Hitchhiker Syndrome, Paul Krugman, The New York Times, September 30, 2001

Conservation, Renewable Fuels Are Better Answers, Sen. John Kerry, Roll Call, October 01, 2001:

“Within days of Sept. 11's acts of terror, longtime proponents of drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) pointed to the attacks as reason to drill there.”

THE WARTIME OPPORTUNISTS, Russell Mokhiber and Robert Weissman,, October 2, 2001

Lott's Push for Judges Imperils Partisan Truce, Paul Kane, Roll Call, October 04, 2001

Democrats Say RNC Playing Politics in War on Terrorism ,  Ben White, Washington Post, October 10, 2001

Foreign Aid Bill Held Up by GOP , Helen Dewar, Washington Post, October 13, 2001

More Environmental Rollbacks, The New York Times, October 29, 2001

GOP may use Sept. 11 to benefit judicial appointees, Ellen Warren & Terry Armour, Chicago Tribune, November 5, 2001

Ashcroft to Pursue Suicide Doctors, Katherine Pfleger, Associated Press, November 6, 2001

Ashcroft's moral stand out of line, St. Petersburg Times, November 13, 2001

Bush is quietly reversing Clinton environmental policies, Katharine Q. Seelye, The New York Times, November 18, 2001 (This reporter is slavishly devoted to George Bush.)  

Media Industry Efforts to Eliminate and Weaken the Ownership Rules: What it Means for the Public and the Future of the Internet, Center for Digital Democracy, undated:

“On Thursday, September 13 2001, the Federal Communications Commission launched a proceeding designed to eliminate or dramatically weaken two longstanding safeguards designed to ensure greater diversity of media ownership.”

New push to pump oil from Alaska refuge, Brad Knickerbocker, Christian Science Monitor, November 26, 2001

Bush plans to ease portions of Clean Air Act, David L. Greene Baltimore Sun, Boston Globe, 12/24/2001 (archived at

“Now, with war-time approval ratings, Bush is revisiting some of his more contentious proposals, including the idea of easing some environmental regulations.”


Destruction of civil liberties, re-establishment of greater police powers and “The Imperial Presidency”

Making Liberty a Victim of Terror; Fighting Against our Worst Fears, Norm Pattis, American Lawyer Media, September 13, 2001:

“This is the most dangerous time to be an American since President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus during the Civil War, thus leaving the people with no recourse against illegal seizures of their person.”

Don't go overboard, Joe Conason,, September 14, 2001:

“Despite our crisis, we shouldn't automatically give up our constitutional rights.”

Lawmakers See Need to Loosen Rules on C.I.A., James Risen, The New York Times, September 16, 2001

Lawmakers Hear Ashcroft Outline Antiterror Plans, Philip Shenon and Alison Mitchell, The New York Times, September 17, 2001

Caution Is Urged on Terrorism Legislation , Walter Pincus, Washington Post, September 21, 2001

Liberties in a Time of Fear, David Cole, The New York Times, September 25, 2001

Proposed Anti-Terrorism Laws Draw Tough Questions , John Lancaster and Walter Pincus, Washington Post, September 25, 2001

Bush Law-Enforcement Plan Troubles Both Right and Left, Robin Toner, The New York Times, September 28, 2001

Ashcroft Seeks To Boost Power Of Secret Court, Edmund Sanders (Los Angeles Times), Tampa Tribune, October 1, 2001 (archived at Internet Library)

Bill OKd to expand anti-terror powers, Jill Zuckman, Chicago Tribune, October 13, 2001

Feds monitoring terrorist suspects' phone calls, Pete Yost, Chicago Tribune, November 9, 2001

Police State, Kelly Patricia O’Meara, Insight on the News, November 9, 2001

Leahy 'Deeply Troubled' About Monitoring Of Conversations Between Detainees And Their Attorneys, Patrick Leahy,, November 9, 2001

Global Eye -- Weather Report, Chris Floyd, The Moscow Times, November 10, 2001

The rulers will often act in secret; for reasons of national security, the people will not be permitted to know what goes on in their name. Actions once unthinkable will be accepted as routine: government by executive fiat, the murder of enemies selected by the leader, undeclared war, torture, mass detentions without charge, the looting of the national treasury, the creation of huge new security structures targeted at the populace. In time, this will seem normal, as the chill of autumn feels normal when summer is gone.

Use of Military Court Divides Legal Experts, William Glaberson, The New York Times, November 14, 2001

Seizing Dictatorial Power, William Safire, The New York Times, November 15, 2001

White House Push on Security Steps Bypasses Congress, Robin Toner and Neil A. Lewis, The New York Times, November 15, 2001

Request Refused , Josh Gerstein,, November 21, 2001:

“The Justice Department has turned down a congressional request that it identify people detained as a result of the investigation of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.”

Abandoning the Constitution to Military Tribunals , Nat Hentoff, Village Voice, Week of November 21 – 27, 2001

Global Eye -- A Thirsty Evil, Chris Floyd, The Moscow Times, November 23, 2001:

“Are you a terrorist? If you don't know, you'd better find out fast… So here's a simple test to check your moral worthiness and see if you can escape God's -- sorry, Bush's -- all-devouring wrath. Have you ever gone out for a beer and bought a Stella Artois instead of a Bud? Then you, my friend, have engaged in a conspiracy to cause ‘adverse effects’ to the economy of the United States. And that makes you one of the evildoers.”

Wait Until Dark, Frank Rich, The New York Times, November 24, 2001  

Memo to George W. Bush from James Madison: "No nation can preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.",  The Online Beat, The Nation,  November 27, 2001 (archived at

“Of all the enemies of true liberty, war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary power of the Executive is extended.”

Using Our Fears to Justify a Power Grab, Jack M. Balkin, Los Angeles Times, November 29, 2001 (archived at Common Dreams News Center)

It Can Happen Here, Anthony Lewis, The New York Times, December 1, 2001:

“On the basis of secret evidence, the government accuses a non-citizen of connections to terrorism, and holds him in prison for three years. Then a judge conducts a full trial and rejects the terrorism charges. He releases the prisoner. A year later government agents rearrest the man, hold him in solitary confinement and state as facts the terrorism charges that the judge found untrue.

“Could that happen in America? In John Ashcroft's America it has happened.”


Greater control over the means of communication

TV pressed on bin Laden tapes, Tim Jones and Bob Kemper, Chicago Tribune, October 11, 2001:

“The escalating national effort to bolster the homeland defense against terrorist attacks took an extraordinary turn Wednesday as the Bush administration pressured television news networks to ‘exercise judgment’ before broadcasting taped messages from Osama bin Laden and his supporters. The networks agreed to review tapes before airing them.”

White House convinced Bin Laden giving orders over Internet, Barbara Ferguson, Arab News, October 11, 2001

“Some experts, however, have strong suspicions about Bin Laden’s Internet tools: ‘I thinks it’s a disinformation campaign being waged by people in the Administration who would like to get control of the Internet,’ said Wayne Madsen, an intelligence specialist who formerly worked with NSA.”


Stifling of dissent

Actually, They DO Dare Call It Treason, Terry Krepel, Conservative Web Watch, posted September 14, 2001:

“NewsMax barely tolerated criticism of George W. Bush before Sept. 11. Now, they're actively hostile to it.”

Dissent, Anyone?, Chris Mooney, The American Prospect, September 25, 2001

White House whitewashers, Jake Tapper,, September 27, 2001:

“Bush staffers chastise NBC for a Clinton interview, Fleischer whacks Maher and the Bush-was-in-danger story falls apart. Tension mounts between the White House and the media.”

In Patriotic Time, Dissent Is Muted, Bill Carter and Felicity Barringer, The New York Times, September 28, 2001

Democracy held hostage, David Talbot,, September 29, 2001:

“We are fighting for freedom -- including the right to vigorously debate. But the war fever crowd wants us all to march in step.”

Will other voices be heard?, Tim Rutten and Lynn Smith, Chicago Tribune, October 1, 2001

Censoring dissenting voices is a danger to us all, Tom Gutting, Houston Chronicle (archived at, October 1, 2001

Gagging the Skeptics, George Monbiot , The Guardian of London (archived at Common Dreams News Center), October 16, 2001:

“‘The US, founded to protect basic freedoms, is now insisting that its critics are its enemies.”

Network Coverage a Target of Fire From Conservatives, Jim Rutenberg and Bill Carter, The New York Times, November 7, 2001

Sound of silencing, The Guardian of London, November 6, 2001

Brace yourself for the new McCarthyism, Ted Rall, The Japan Times, November 10, 2001

Conservatives Denounce Dissent, Patrick Healy , Boston Globe (archived at Common Dreams News Center), November 13, 2001


Excuse for secrecy

After Leak, Bush Restricts Lawmakers' Briefings, Reuters, October 8, 2001 (no longer available on the Internet)

Bush Clamping Down On Presidential Papers , George Lardner Jr, Washington Post, November 1, 2001

Presidential records put under gag order, Bob Kemper, Chicago Tribune, November 2, 2001

Critics Blast Bush Order on Papers, Deb Riechmann, Associated Press (archived at Common Dreams News Center), November 2, 2001

Keeping history a secret , Dale McFeatters, Scripps Howard News Service (archived at The Nando Times), November 2, 2001:

“[I]t is not a stretch to wonder if this White House is up to something that it doesn't want known 12 years from now or anytime thereafter. The 1978 law that this order subverts was passed because of President Nixon's efforts to thwart public access to the seamier aspects of his tenure.”

A fight brews over ex-presidents' papers, Francine Kiefer, The Christian Science Monitor, November 6, 2001

Bush Urged to Rescind Order On Presidential Materials , George Lardner Jr., Washington Post, November 7, 2001

Bush Tries to Close The Vault of History, Joe Conason, New York Observer, November 12, 2001

Is Bush trying to protect dad?, Helen Thomas, Seattle Post-Intelliencer, November 8, 2001

Bush Invokes Executive Privilege on Hill, Ellen Nakashima, Washington Post, December 14, 2001:

“President Bush invoked executive privilege for the first time yesterday, rejecting a congressional subpoena for prosecutors' records related to a 30-year-old Boston mob case and the Clinton administration campaign finance probe.”  

Lawmakers chide Bush administration for secrecy in wide range of cases, Melissa B. Robinson, Associated Press, February 6, 2002:

Lawmakers challenged the Bush administration's refusal to share documents in a wide range of cases Wednesday, from the FBI's handling of Boston mob informants in the 1960s to the Justice Department's failure to notify an Associated Press reporter before subpoenaing his home telephone records.  

''Commander-in-Chief - the buck stops here!'', A.F. Nariman,, May 25, 2002:

“Republicans in general, and this president in particular, love to tout the value of ‘accountability’ when it comes to educators, or welfare mothers. While Bush ran on a platform of ‘accountability’ it now appears that his administration is above and beyond being held accountable for its actions. They have a politburo style choke hold on the national media.”


And make no mistake--George W. Bush is a secrecy kind of guy

W.'s Paper Chase, Lucius Lomax, Austin Chronicle, September 28, 2001  


Excuse to use nuclear weapons


Secret Plan Outlines the Unthinkable, William M. Arkin, Los Angeles Times, March 10, 2002:

The Bush administration, in a secret policy review completed early this year, has ordered the Pentagon to draft contingency plans for the use of nuclear weapons against at least seven countries, naming not only Russia and the "axis of evil"--Iraq, Iran, and North Korea--but also China, Libya and Syria.

In addition, the U.S. Defense Department has been told to prepare for the possibility that nuclear weapons may be required in some future Arab-Israeli crisis. And, it is to develop plans for using nuclear weapons to retaliate against chemical or biological attacks, as well as "surprising military developments" of an unspecified nature.

These and a host of other directives, including calls for developing bunker-busting mini-nukes and nuclear weapons that reduce collateral damage, are contained in a still-classified document called the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), which was delivered to Congress on Jan. 8.


Excuse to strike first at any nation George Bush decides to invade

Bush: U.S. Will Strike First at Enemies, Mike Allen and Karen DeYoung, Washington Post, June 2, 2002:

“President Bush told future Army officers today that the United States can no longer deter attacks from other nations by threatening massive retaliation, but instead must strike looming enemies first.”


Excuse to create a vast new bureaucracy that will further enrich Republican contributors

Bush seeks new agency on homeland security,, June 6, 2002:

President Bush will propose Thursday the creation of a new Cabinet-level domestic security agency as part of a “sweeping transformation” intended to prevent terror attacks on the United States. Until Thursday, Bush had resisted demands from some members of Congress that a new Cabinet department be created to coordinate defense efforts against terrorism

“Bush, who had expressed support for the FBI and CIA in the early days of the controversy, acknowledged for the first time this week that the agencies failed to communicate adequately. But he said there was no evidence that better communication could have prevented the attacks.” [Emphasis added.]

[Then why is he suggesting a new Cabinet department to improve communication?—Caro]

Bush Seeks Homeland Security Dept., Ron Fournier, Associated Press, June 6, 2002:

“Stung by intelligence failures, President Bush called on Congress Thursday night to remake the government with a terrorist-fighting Department of Homeland Security, warning that ‘thousands of trained killers are plotting to attack us…’

W. ALL BUT ADMITS, 'I WAS WRONG', Deborah Orin, New York Post, June 7, 2002:

“Homeland security today is America's top worry, and Bush is now admitting that his original plan - to handle it through an inter-agency coordinator on his staff - just didn't work.”


What Did They Know Page

Last changed: December 13, 2009