The 2005 Political Typology

Beyond Red vs. Blue
Republicans Divided About Role of Government - Democrats by Social and Personal Values

Published May 10, 2005

Summary prepared by
Carolyn Kay
MakeThemAccountable.com

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[Gay marriage] The public is divided over whether homosexuality should be accepted or discouraged, but Americans continue to decisively reject gay marriage. Americans oppose gay marriage by nearly two-to-one (61%-32%), a margin that has remained stable since the middle of 2003…

[But Americans favor civil unions for gays.—Ed.]

[Abortion] Overall, 55% oppose making it more difficult for a woman to obtain an abortion, while 36% disagree…

[Stem Cell Research] Most Americans (56%) say it is more important to conduct stem cell research that may result in medical cures, while only about a third (32%) believe it is more important to avoid destroying the potential life of human embryos involved in such research. In 2002, 43% felt it was more important to conduct stem cell research…

[Creationism]  57% [are] in favor of teaching creationism, along with evolution, in public schools. One-third of the public (33%) favors the teaching of creationism instead of evolution…

[Ten Commandments] nearly three-quarters (74%) say… the public display of the commandments [in government buildings] is proper…

[Supreme Court] a plurality of Americans (41%) believe Bush should choose someone who will keep the court about the same as it is now, while roughly equal numbers support a more conservative nominee (28%) or a more liberal one (24%)…

[Christian Nation] 71% overall [consider the United States to be "a Christian nation"]…

[Christian Conservative Movement] About four-in-ten (41%) have a favorable view of the movement, while 34% have an unfavorable view…

[Health Insurance]  [65%] favor a government guarantee of health insurance for all Americans, even if it means raising taxes…

[Minimum Wage] Overall 86% of the public favors a hike in the minimum wage from its current level of $5.15 to $6.45 per hour…

[Tax Cuts] By about a two-to-one margin, most of the electorate would give higher priority to reducing the federal budget deficit [61%] than to cutting taxes [32%]…

[How to Reduce the Deficit] A majority of the public (54%) supports cutting domestic spending to reduce the deficit; about a third each favor cuts in military spending (35%) or raising taxes (31%)…

[It would be interesting to see WHICH domestic spending categories that 54% would agree to cut.—Caro]

[Bankruptcy] the March survey found that 39% of the general public favors stricter rules. Overall, a 47% plurality of the public feels that no change is needed in bankruptcy protections for debtors, while 8% say that access to bankruptcy should be made easier, rather than more difficult, for individuals…

[Medical Malpractice Lawsuits] [63% favor limits on awards, 30% oppose.]

[Outsourcing] About seven-in-ten Americans (69%) believe "outsourcing" is a bad thing because it sends good jobs overseas; just 22% feel it is good because it keeps costs down…

[Environment] more than three-quarters (77%) believe the country should do whatever it takes to protect the environment and 63% subscribe to that view strongly…

[Private Accounts] general support for the plan has weakened since it was first announced, the March survey finds the overall public nearly evenly divided, with 46% favoring the idea and 44% opposed.  [In December, 54% favored it with 30% opposed.]…

[Preemptive Use of Military Force] Public opinion is cautiously in favor of at least the occasional use of U.S. military force against countries that have not attacked the U.S., but may seriously threaten America. At the extremes, only 14% think preemption is often justified, while the same number think preemption is never justified. The plurality (46%) takes the view that it is sometimes justified, and 21% think it is justified at least on rare occasions…

[Iraq War]

[Justification of Torture] Roughly half (51%) say it is never or rarely justified, but 45% believe it is at least sometimes justified…

[Patriot Act] [39% believe it “goes too far and threatens civil liberties” and 33% believe it is “a necessary tool to help find terrorists.]

[United Nations] The public, by a margin of 59% to 32%, has a favorable view of the world body…